Power Outages and Your Septic System: What Homeowners Should Know
Q: What effect does a power outage have on my septic system, STEP system, or sewer system?
A: If you have a completely standard gravity system, it will function normally. However, if your system has a pump and/or alarm system, your sewer system could be heavily affected, depending on how long the power is off. Read more below.
More About Pump + Alarm Systems
In some cases, septic tank outlet water, otherwise known as “effluent”, has to be pushed uphill to the designated absorption area. This “absorption” area, can also be referred to as “lateral lines” or the “lateral field”. If there exists a pump as a part of the wastewater system and the power goes out, the warning system that exists to alert that there is a problem also functions on electricity and will not work.
Reasons for having a pump and alarm as a part of the system include:
- The absorption area is uphill from the tank location
- A spider valve or hydro-splitter is used for distribution of the effluent
- The city sewer hook-up is actually a city STEP system
- The city sewer hook-up requires a pump (as with the Bella Vista Village Wastewater System)
- The home has plumbing in a basement below the septic tank inlet and a pump is required to push everything from the lower area up to the tank
In all of these situations, there will be some storage for wastewater available; the storage capacity is generally from 200-250 gallons. Account for 50-75 gallons of water usage per person each day– it doesn’t take long to fill up that storage area! Once that capacity has been reached, the wastewater will begin to back up into the pipes and eventually will end up in the home if water is continually used– a situation neither the homeowner nor septic companies want to deal with.
The Bottom Line
If you find yourself in the situation, use water sparingly and pay attention to warning signs. Additionally, take these steps to extend the capacity:
- Loosen or remove the cap on the main line cleanout, which is usually a 3″-4” white cap located just outside the foundation of the house
- Loosen the lid to the pump chamber and/or septic tank.
- They are usually fastened with a series of screws that will require a regular Phillips or Allen head screwdriver, or possibly a hex bolt head, sized 7/16”, 1/2” or even 9/16”
- NOTE: When loosening the cleanout cap or the lids, the idea is to allow the extra wastewater to relieve itself outside (as opposed to inside the house). This may be a bit messy, but a mess outside is far better than one inside!
At BBB Septic, we hope to provide you with the best information to keep your home’s septic system functioning properly– especially in times of emergency. If you live in the Northwest Arkansas area and have any further questions regarding power outages and your septic system, please reach out via phone or email.